Monday, May 25, 2020
What are the main reasons there is so much poverty in America? In the past 30 years, poverty has increased drastically leaving many people homeless and helpless. Adults, as well as the children, are left on the streets to seek different ways to aid their families. If a working family member is injured, then it is up to the others to find ways to care for the injured and at the same time set food on the table. Many women also work to aid their families, however, when a woman works at a factory she only earns the 75 cents when compared to when a male earns a dollar. It does not even seem proportional if a person works for a long period of time and then the person only receives a fraction of what they worked. Despite the economic growth in America, there are still signs of poverty in some parts of the country, which is due to the lack of employment, low wages, overpopulation, and injury. In the year 2014 unemployment benefits were delayed, thus affecting almost thousands of people in Am erica to lose their unemployment benefits. This has become a political obstacle for the House of Republicans. The House made an attempt to hold a six long-term hearing where unemployed Americans would try to regain their lost benefits. However, on December 2013 unemployment benefits were suddenly stopped. Democrats decided to extend the deadline till the 2014, and the Senate proposed a bipartisan bill to extend benefits till the end of May (Vankin, Unemployment.) Unemployment statistics in AprilShow MoreRelatedPoverty And Its Effects On America894 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPoverty is one of largest problem in the whole world, because thousands of people are affected by this major concern. Poverty is an issue that inflicts many dangerous situations, such as, crimes, diseases, lack of literacy, hard labor, etc., and therefore, it is essential to resolute before it gets worse. For example, United States is having risen in unemployment rates, which indicates the early symptoms, that citizen s have started submerging into poverty. In most of the poor countries crime ratioRead MorePoverty And Its Effects On America1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Ã¢â¬Æ' When most people think of poverty they think of somewhere overseas, however; poverty is a lot closer to home than one might think. The winding, twisting roads of Eastern Kentucky have picturesque scenery, but many of the people here are struggling in these hills. The people of Eastern Kentucky have been dependent on the coal industry to feed their families and pay their bills, but this once thriving industry has been on the decline in recent years. Without coal, Eastern Kentucky is facing a grimRead MorePoverty And Its Effects On America2432 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesPoverty can be characterized either as far as a clear salary level or as a relative condition that progressions as society reclassifies it. As the age of the world grows and progresses among the middle and upper class, the lower class is struggling to keep up with the rest. As citizens they have the right to be in the same boat as other successful people in the world, they just do not have an advantage in doing so. Communi sm is not in the conversation, but many of the working people in poverty deserveRead MorePoverty And Its Effects On America1821 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Poverty is an important issue in America today and in the past, to make our country better we need to fix the rate of poverty in America. There are families that wonder, not what but if they are going to eat each day of the year because people just cannot support their families. Maybe it is the fact that they do not make enough money, or they do not have a job to make money. Sometimes they just blow away money on gambling, drinking, drugs, and other bad examples. However, there are hardworkingRead MorePoverty in America840 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesabout povertyÃ¢â¬â¢s history in America and its definition, the causes/reasons of poverty, the effects of poverty on America, and the salaries of people in poverty. Poverty is the state or condition of having little to no money or goods. In America, poverty started being a major issue in the late 1950s when it reached 22.4 percent of the American population. Throughout the 1960s, poverty steadily declined, and reached 11.1 percent in the year 1973. Over the next 10 years, poverty alternated between 11.1Read MoreState of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Children: Child Poverty Essay1332 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Children: Child Poverty Argosy University Online November 20, 2013 Abstract America is one of the riches countries in the world it is home to approximately 406 billionaires and many millionaires, babies are being born into poverty about every 32 seconds everyday (ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Defense Fund, 2010). The ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Defense Fund (CDF) reports one is every five children are born in to poverty and children constitute for the poorest age group in America (ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Defense Fund, 2010)Read MorePoverty Of America And Ireland1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespopulation lives on less than $1.25 daily. Poverty can be displayed and treated in different ways, like the way it is measured or the way assistance is delivered. To provide evidence of this, the poverty in the countries of America and Ireland will be compared. From the Merriam-Webster dictionary, poverty is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.Ã¢â¬ In most communities, people who suffer in poverty are those that go without water, foodRead MorePoverty in Places Such as Africa786 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThere are many different forces that cause poverty in America as well as other places around the world. All countries and or territories have some type of poverty, No one can deny that. Different forces such as bad government policy, overpopulation, high standards of living, costs of living, environmental degradation, and lack of individual responsibility are some of the forces that contribute to poverty. The poor in developing countries are trapped. They lack education, good nutrition, and a safeRead MoreThe Social Problem That I Chose For My Final Paper Is Poverty1592 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2015 Poverty in America The social problem that I chose for my final paper is Poverty in America. Poverty is the general scarcity, dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Since the early 1800s, industrialization and immigration has brought poverty of a new kind and on a new scale to American cities. I have chosen the topic of poverty because it is apart of my everyday life and world. Being a city kid from New York, I see homeless and poverty filledRead MoreThe Struggles of Families in Poverty in The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair1149 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"In twentieth-century America the history of poverty begins with most working people living on the edge of destitution, periodically short of food, fuel, clothing, and shelterÃ¢â¬ (Poverty in 20th Century America). Poverty possesses the ability to completely degrade a person, as well as a family, but it can also make that person and family stronger. In The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, a family of immigrant s has to live in severe poverty in Packingtown, a suburb of Chicago. The poverty degrades the family
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Magnetic resonance imaging has the potential of totally replacing computed tomography. If history was rewritten, and CT invented after MRI, nobody would bother to pursue CT. --Philip Drew (Mattson and Simon, 1996) WHAT IT IS Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or commonly known as MRI, is a technique used in medicine for producing images of tissues inside the body. It is an important diagnostic tool because it enables physicians to identify abnormal tissue without opening the body through surgery. MRI lets physicians see through bones and organs. MRI does not expose the patient to radiation, unlike tests that use X-rays. MRI provides an unparallel view inside the human body. It is the method of choice for theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦MRI AND BEYOND MRI technology is still in its infancy. The first MRI exam on a human being ever taken was on July 3, 1977. MRI has been in widespread use for less than 20 years (compared with over 100 years for x-rays). There is still a long future for MRI. It is only the beginning. We can now image in seconds what used to take hours. Here are a few of the developments: 1. Very small scanners for imaging specific body parts are being developed. 2. Functional brain mapping (scanning a persons brain while he or she is performing a certain physical task such as squeezing a ball, or looking at a particular type of picture) is helping researchers better understand how the brain works. 3. Research is under way in a few institutions to image the ventilation dynamics of the lungs through the use of hyperpolarized helium-3 gas. 4. New, improved ways to image strokes in their earliest stages is ongoing.( www.howstuffworks.com) SOCIETAL IMPACTS ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES There are always going to be advantages and disadvantages in anything that is developed in the area of technology. MRI is no different. MRI is ideal for: 1. Diagnosing multiple sclerosis (MS) 2. Diagnosing tumors of the pituitary gland and brain 3. Diagnosing infections in the brain, spine or joints 4. VisualizingShow MoreRelatedWhat Is Magnetic Resonance Imaging?1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhat is Magnetic Resonance Imaging? Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI) is a test that uses a magnetic field and beats of radio wave energy to take pictures of organs and structures inside the body. MRI gives distinctive data about structures in the body than can be seen with an X-ray, ultrasound, or computed tomography (CT) scan. MRI imaging can also demonstrate issues that can t be seen with other imaging strategies. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) works by measuring the way that hydrogen particlesRead MoreMagnetic Resonance Imaging And The Health Field1926 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthe advent of magnetic resonance imaging applications in the health field forty years ago the technology has become a staple in hospitals all around the world. Magnetic resonance imaging commonly known to one of the safest forms of attaining pictures of the human anatomy. Although magnetic resonance technology is popular amongst health care providers for decades, until recently, scientists could not get the optimum image of some critical parts of the human anatomy. The magnetic resonance technologyRead MoreMagnetic Resonance Imaging ( Mri )843 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMagnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a powerful medical imaging modality which gives high spatial resolution images without radiation risk. MRI acquires signals from hydrogen protons of subject. Under external static magnetic field (B0), the spins of hydrogen p rotons precess with a Larmor frequency, while they align parallel to the direction of B0. The spins align antiparallel to the direction of B0 when additional radio-frequency (RF) pulse with the Larmer requency is ap-plied. After RF pulse isRead MoreMagnetic Resonance Imaging For The Diagnosis Of Chordoma1256 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMagnetic Resonance Imaging for the Diagnosis of Chordoma Chordoma is a type of malignant tumor that can form at the base of the skull, within the spine and sacral area. This kind of cancer is rare, accounting for 1-4% of bone cancers overall. According to studies by the Surveillanc, Epidemiology, and End Results database, the incidence rate of this disease is Ã¢â¬Å"0.08 per 100,000Ã¢â¬ and is more prevalent in men between the ages of 50-60 (Walcott et al, 69). The characteristics of chordoma were first describedRead MoreQuestions On Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging1036 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe fusiform gyrus the area specialized in facial perception? Is there an even more precise area within this gyrus that is responsible for facial recognition? 2. What are the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s main claims concerning these questions? Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), can be used to see if regions of the fusiform gyrus are specialized in facial recognition and perception. With this, it can be determined that the fusiform face area is found within the fusiform gyrus (or adjacent areas). The fusiformRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbstract The purpose of the present review is to analyze the advantages and the disadvantages of pediatric sedation in magnetic resonance imaging. The benefits and the risks involved in pediatric sedation in MRI are evaluated in regards to the current literature. The review is considered to be timely because there is an increasing demand for the provision of anesthetic services and sedation services. Most health practitioners should have appropriate skills in the monitoring and rescue their patientsRead More Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Essay1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand successful surgery you are finally back to normal and can lead a normal life once again. While this may be a bit of an extreme example, it highlights one of the many potential and exciting uses of MRI and fMRI technology. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was first developed about two decades ago and it has become, by far, the leading research tool for mapping the brains activity. The technique works by detecting the levels of oxygen in the blood flowing throughout the brain. ThisRead MoreMagnetic Resonance Imaging And Its Effects On The Brain2318 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages MRI it is stands for Magnetic resonance imaging which is the best modality to choice when we want to see the of the spine, it is not invasive procedure, not associated with ionizing radiation to the patient, and provides an excellent soft tissue contrast compared to the other imaging modality. MRI it is use for clarification substantially all spine problem such as degenerative disc diseases and infectious or inflammatory diseases of the spinal cord, identify any spinal tumors, vascular malformationsRead MoreMagnetic Resonance Imaging Essay4309 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pages Magnetic Resonance Imaging In 1944, Isidor Isaac Rabi was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei. This method was based on measuring the spin of the protons in the atoms core, a phenomenon known as nuclear magnetic moments. From Rabis work, Paul C. Lauterbur and Peter Mansfield were able to research into magnetic resonance imaging (also known as nuclear magnetic resonance, NMR) and wereRead MoreApplications Of Quantum Mechanics Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technology803 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesQuantum Mechanics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technology Sandesh Jagessar SCH 4U1 Mrs. Mills 03/20/2017 An MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is a scan that uses a system of techniques, involving magnetism, radio waves and a computer to generate detailed images of the human body. Essentially, it is a tube encased by a large circular magnet. The patient would be placed on a moveable bed, which is then inserted into the tube. The magnet then creates a strong magnetic field that aligns the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Compare London by William Blake and Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3rd 1802 by William Wordsworth. As a part of my coursework for GCSE English, I will be comparing two poems written about London in nineteenth century. The two poems I have chosen to write about are: London by William Blake and Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3rd 1802 by William Wordsworth. Both poems give their own, different accounts of London at around the same period. One is written with a happy and joyous mood and the other a completely opposite one - a dull and grim mood, which is given by Blake. Starting with William Blakes background as a poet, I researched that he had a very eventful lifetime, which perhaps influencedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦People were not free to think beyond the rules of society or beyond the rules of convention. The people of London had been brainwashed by society and they could not think for themselves because of that. Imaginary (mind forgd) chains (manacles) were holding the minds of people down and they were struggling to break free (the sound that Blake hears). This did not only affect men, women, or infants, it affected all, as a city. In the next stanza, Blake goes on to describe the corruption of the Church of England (in one sense) or the dirtiness of all the buildings including the church, which is blackening (in another sense), with the line. Every blackning Church apalls ------------------------------ He sets the scene in this stanza by mentioning the chimneysweeper boys who cleaned the sooty chimneys of the houses of London at the time. It gives us a sense of filthiness in the everyday street of London and the fact that the job of the chimneysweepers was disgusting and dangerous. The air of London was not clean - the smoke of fireplaces filled the air and the pollution transformed the white stone of churches to jet-black. By talking particularly of the blackening church, the church can also be thought of as dirty or bad, or even corrupt. So is Blake telling us the church is corrupt and dark? Or is it justShow MoreRelated Comparing William Wordsworths Composed Upon Westminster Bridge and William Blakes London1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCompare and Contrast William Wordsworths Composed Upon Westminster Bridge and William Blakes London William Wordsworth and William Blake wrote poems about London, but they presented their views from different angles. Wordsworth sees the beauty in London and Blake sees only the ugliness. William Wordsworths Composed Upon Westminster Bridge gives a step-by-step look at the awe-inspiring beauty of a London sunrise, whereas William Blakes London shows the dreary ugliness of London lifeRead More Compare and Contrast the two poems, London and Composed Upon Westminster627 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesCompare and Contrast the two poems, London and Composed Upon Westminster Bridge Both of the poets write about London in their poems. There is one big difference between the form and the structure Ã¢â¬ËComposed Upon Westminster BridgeÃ¢â¬â¢ is written in the form of a sonnet where as the Ã¢â¬ËLondonÃ¢â¬â¢ poem is just a four verse poem, each verse having four lines. Comparing the poems with one another I first picked up that they are equally written from first person perspectives which helps to express Read MoreLondon by William Blake and Upon Westminster Bridge by William Wordsworth1327 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLondon by William Blake and Upon Westminster Bridge by William Wordsworth This essay aims to compare and contrast the differences and similarities between the two poems London and Upon Westminster Bridge. They both create powerful, contrasting images but are both similar in the use of language and exaggeration. The first poem to be commented upon is London by William Blake, written a couple of decades before the second poem written by William Wordsworth. WilliamRead MoreComparison Between Wordsworths Poem, Daffodils and Blakes Poem, London.1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBlake s themes are also more to do with society, but Wordsworth s are based around nature and spiritual reflection. These differences are probably partly due to Blake s living in London, and Wordsworth s living in the countryside - as seen in the different settings of their poems. Blake writes implicitly in London - making it clear that he is not fond of the city; but not once openly stating his own personal opinion of it. He does this by describing what he sees with irony and symbolism. OneRead MoreA Comparison of Nature in Romantic Poetry1097 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswith natural things. Each aspect of nature holds a different meaning for Wordsworth. The beauty of morning; silent, bare, excerpt from Composed on Westminster Bridge. A main source of interest for Wordsworth is the absence of an unnatural presence, such as a city. In his sonnet, Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802, Wordsworth views London at the break of dawn, admiring the serenity and artistic impact of the scenery. A sight so touching in its majesty. He finds it an almostRead MoreComparing Cities And Contrasting Cities2155 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagescould be in London on the Westminster Bridge overlooking the beautiful water and amazing architecture of the city watching time tick away, or, you could be in Chicago in the midst of the hustle and bustle, watching the hardworking people of a city with such energy and life live their lives. Or you could be in Knoxville Tennessee on a gorgeous warm, sunny summer day eating barbeque, ice cream and greens. This is the beauty about city poems. One day you could be in the beautiful city of London EnglandRead MoreDescription of Different Feelings in Sonnets Essay1532 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin there sonnets. Each of the three sonnets I have chosen are by different writers and also from different centuries, I have decided to look at Ã¢â¬ËGodÃ¢â¬â¢s GrandeurÃ¢â¬â¢ by G.M Hopkins, Ã¢â¬ËDeath be Not ProudÃ¢â¬â¢ by John Donne and also Ã¢â¬ËShall I Compare thee to a SummerÃ¢â¬â¢s DayÃ¢â¬â¢ by William Shakespeare. The reasons the poems were wrote and also the time is they were wrote is different but the range of emotions and feelings shown throughout is amazing; the sonnets have also been written in Read More Aspects of a Sonnet Essay2511 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pageslinked by rhyme). The last two lines form a rhyming couplet, e.g. a rhyming pair: abab, cdcd, efef, gg William Shakespeare is often considered the greatest writer of English literature that ever lived. By 1594 he was a rising playwright in London and an actor in a leading theatre company, who performed at the Globe Theatre from 1599. His 154 sonnets were originally published in 1609 but it is argued that they were mostly written in the 1590s, often expressed strong feeling within an exquisitelyRead MoreAn Explication Of A Poetry Explication Essay1895 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesexplication accordingly. Here is an example. A student s explication of Wordsworth s Composed upon Westminster Bridge might begin in the following way (notice the writer quickly begins explicating the poem): This poem dramatizes the conflict between appearance and reality, communicating the idea that even in the unnatural city Nature?s presence can be seen. From Westminster Bridge, the speaker looks at London at sunrise, and he explains that all people should be struck by such a beautifulRead MoreThe Way Wordsworth and Heaney Present Nature and Rural Life in Their Poetry4285 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagesstrong feeling of sentiment. The poem begins with a personal feeling of solitariness and despondency with the opening line, I wandered lonely as a cloud that floats on high oer vales and hills. Wordsworth uses this simile to compare himself to a cloud, which has many implications concerning how Wordsworth was feeling that day. The word, lonely suggests that he felt isolated or simply free and detached from, or devoid of, the burdens of the world, while by using
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Conversing On Ethics Morality And Education? Answer: Introducation The society is governed by laws that are legislated as well as moral principles that regulate conduct personal conduct. The body of moral principles and values can be referred to as ethics and can be used by individuals and organizations in the course of conducting business. Ethical dilemmas arise when three conditions manifest in a situation. The first is that the situation should present alternatives of action while the second is that the best course of action should be chosen amongst the choices given. The third is that no matter what choice is taken, some ethical principles may end up being compromised. In the ethical case study at Fabio, the best decision is for Brockley to confess to Iris and be prepared for any outcome that may ensue. Case Study: Question one Relevant facts- The case study at Fabio presents a number of facts. Harry is presented as having a reputation of being competent as a programmer internally and externally. He also has extensive knowledge of all the problems concerned with Fabios security infrastructure. He manages to develop anti-virus software that shows the potential of having market success. Jill is presented as neither making the decision without consulting her superior nor giving Harry the opportunity to test the product he was offering. Jills boss, Brockley supported her decision based on the negative bias he had formed towards Harry. Iris Bigg the owner of the company has learned about Harry under the pseudonym Lock Smith and wants to hire him. Ethical issues- The first ethical issue is whether it was right for Harry to develop the anti-virus software privately and for him to present his product to his employer while still employed? (Kilpatrick, 2010). His actions could lead to other employees copying his actions and this may reduce focus on organizational productivity at the expense of personal gain. The second dilemma is the decision by Jill to not only reject the offer by Harry but also to dismiss him without giving him the chance to test his product. Brockleys action to validate Jills action was unethical based on his negative bias toward Harry and poses an ethical dilemma. Both of their actions could lead to Harry instituting legal action for wrongful dismissal. Stakeholders involved- Harry is representative of one group of stakeholders in his personal capacity as well as that of fellow employees. The outcome of the case will affect him and the employees and set a precedent. The other stakeholders are the management and what actions the company owner might take. This will affect their future code of conduct in the future while dealing with employees. The third stakeholder is Bigg who stands to lose if Harry institutes legal action against Fabio. He also stands to lose on the opportunity of employing a talented person who has shown himself to be innovative and therefore an asset in the field of IT. Question two: Four-step Ethical Analysis and Decision Making Process Step 1. Understanding the Situation Facts of the case Harry is a bona fide, competent and currently employed at Fabio. He is acknowledged internally and outside of Fabios for being knowledgeable in IT security issues. He has managed to privately develop anti-virus software using his own resources. He approaches Jill who is his immediate superior with the proposal to sell his software that not only rejects it but also terminates his contract. Harry has been out of employment for two weeks but is promoting his software on the internet under the pseudonym Lock Smith. The action of Jill is validated by Brockley who is the overall boss and immediate superior to Jill. Biggs learns about Lock Smith through a private head-hunter and wants to hire him not knowing that he is Harry, his former employee. Facts involving ethical issues The first ethical issue is whether it is right for Harry as an employee to work privately, develop software and propose to sell to his employer. This could raise issues of conflict of interest and personal integrity as an employee (Varelius, 2015). Should he have resigned first or should he have freely given the product to his employer? Jill rejects the offer without the courtesy she would have extended to an outside vendor. She is condescending in her attitude and adds insult to injury by terminating Harrys employment (Quade, Greebaum Petrenko, 2017). She acts unprofessionally by taking a unilateral decision without consulting her senior and only reports the issue later. Brockley displays personal bias and does not take time to review the facts leading to the termination of Harrys contract at Fabio (Ellard, 2007). As the overall manager of the IT department, he displays the lapse of judgment based on personal misgivings on a product that could solve the companies IT security problems. Stakeholders in the case The first stakeholder is Harry in his private capacity and as a representative of the other employees. His job is a programmer and is expected to offer his expertise to his employer with their best interest at the forefront (Molnar, Kletke Chongwatpol, 2008). He stands to suffer professional reputation as an employee who used his employers time and resources to pursue his own private gain. As the representative of other employees, his fate will determine how employees will be handled by Fabio in the future should they take on the same course. The management is the second stakeholder in the case study. This includes Jill, Brockley and other managers in the company. The determination of the case will result in management changes which may curtail some of their authority as well as the dismissal of others. Their relationships with employees and their professional codes of conduct will be affected by the outcome of the case. The role of management is to oversee the daily company operations, encourage employee participation and refer issue beyond their authority to the senior management or the owner. Biggs who is the owner is the last stakeholder in this case. He stands to lose in several ways. He would have a lost talented, innovative employee if Harry declines his offer to come back and work for Fabio. Harry might end up working for a competitor and this may put his company at a disadvantage. He also stands to lose financially if Harry institutes legal proceedings for unfair dismissal and the company is forced to pay him damages (Armstrong, 2014). He would suffer financial lose as the substantive owner of the company. Step 2. Isolate the Major Ethical Dilemma The major ethical dilemma in this case study is centered on Brockley who has been asked by the owner to find Smith Lock and offer him a position at Fabio. This puts Brockley in the difficult position of having to decide whether he will own up to Iris as to what transpired at Fabio that led to the dismissal of Harry or not (Perugini, Constantini, Hughes De Houwer, 2016). There are consequences of the decision he will make which will harm some individuals including him. Consequentialism If action in step II is done, Brockley and Jill stand to be harmed in terms of disciplinary action or being dismissed. If action in step II is not done, Harry stands to be harmed in suffering professional reputation. Iris also stands to be harmed in losing a valuable employee. The least harm will be experienced if step I is taken. In the worst case scenario, both Jill and Brockley may be fired. At the very least, they may face disciplinary action. This is better when compared to the alternative of Harry suffering damage to his reputation and suing Fabio. At the same time, he may decide to work for Fabios competitors. This is based on the utilitarianism concept of taking the action that will benefit other employees as well as us (Toppinen, 2016). Owning up gives him the chance to remedy his error of judgment and clear his conscience. At the same time, the expertise and innovation that Harry will bring back will benefit Fabio as a company and the employees as a whole. If action in step II is done, Harry stand to benefit by coming back justified and as a valuable employee. Iris also stands to benefit by getting back an innovative employee who could have gone to work for her competitor. The employees will also benefit from the expertise Harry will bring back at Fabios. If step II is not done, Harry will benefit by either going to work for Fabios competitor with better remuneration, suing the company or both. Fabios competitor will also benefit in case he decides to work for them in bringing confidential information that will work to their favor. According to the theory of altruism, an individual may take the action that produces the most benefits for everyone except for himself. In this case, Brockley deciding to own up the truth and trying to find Harry would yield the most benefit to everyone else. Iris may benefit by getting back a valuable employee, Harry gets the opportunity to clear his reputation and work in a company he likes. The employees benefit in the knowledge that future dismissals will have to follow the laid down company due process. Consequentialism Comments: Minimum harm is based on the concept of altruism where actions result in others even at the expense of harming the person doing the action (Andric Tanyi, 2016). Maximum benefit results are based on the utilitarianism theory that the action is justified if it avails maximum benefits for all. Rights and Duties: Harry had the right to know what the company policy is with regards to employees who privately developed their own privately resourced products. He had the right to privacy at the same time in controlling personal information. He had the right to intellectual property as set out in the law (Lambert, 2009). Iris had the right to know what her employee had developed while working for her. Duties: Jill and Brockley neglected their duties to do justice in handling Harry. They were also negligent with regards to practicing nonmaleficence and beneficence towards Harry (Valerica Daniel, 2011). Iris has the duty to make appropriate reparation to Harry for the loss of employment that covers two weeks. Comments on Rights and Duties: The actors in the case study have duties and rights which may be reciprocal by nature according to the theory of deontology (Juth, 2014). Jill has the duty to do justice while Harry has the right to the same. Kant Categorical Imperative: If action in step II is done, Brockley and Jill will be treated with disrespect. If action is not done in step II, Iris will be disrespected indirectly in the show of insubordination by Brockley. The best alternative is for Jill and Brockley to suffer disrespect which may be temporary. The owner of the company may decide not to dismiss Jill and Brockley. If she discovers that her order was disrespected, she will most probably fire both without a second thought. If action in step II is done, Harry will be treated differently from the other employees as one with more value. Jill and Brockley may be treated by the employees with less respect compared to other managers. If action in step II is not done, Brockley will be treated unlike no other manager has been treated. Not only may he be fired, legal proceedings may be instituted against him. The best alternative is to be treated with less respect rather than face the prospect of being fired and being sued at the same time. If everyone did action in step II, the benefit will be to Harry, Iris and the company at large. Employees will benefit in having a more stable and secure working environment. If nobody took action, nobody stands to benefit. The best alternative is for everyone to take action: Iris, Harry and Brockley. Step III Discussion The ethical dilemma in this case study has different outcomes which may have positive or negative outcomes. While consequentialism may focus on the outcomes of actions, it has shortcomings with regards to moral character and its development (Betzler, 2008). The consequences of actions in themselves have no content that is ethical. Kants Categorical Imperative assumes that all involved in the case have the same respect for moral law. This assumption in the case makes room for different outcomes and voids the principle of consistency. The rights and duties theory presents the challenge of the reciprocal nature of rights and duties. One persons duty is expected to be the right of the next person. The reciprocity should be founded on goodwill and this may not be the case in most cases. Goodwill may be equated to a person being of good intention or meaning well (Silber, 2012). Goodwill in turn assumes the person has moral worth in doing good. Sibel (2008), states therefore that the rights and duties theory becomes difficult to enforce in an environment that is diverse such as the workplace. Making the Decision The best decision that can be made in this case study is for Brockley to own up to Iris first before embarking on locating Harry. Not being frank and forthright may result in consequences which may be direr. While meeting Iris, sending a reconciliatory message to Harry with his final intentions should also be done. Iris has the right to know according to the theory of deontology what the material facts are (Figar Dordevic, 2016). At the same time, Brockley has the duty to do justice to Harry by confessing to Iris, be truthful and act with integrity. His actions will be in alignment with the theory of teleology of minimizing the harm already done and maximizing benefits for all psychology Harry returns. Steps in the decision making process Brockely approaches Iris with the view to confess and own up. This is based on egoism and how the decision affects him. Konczal (2012), states that this is the starting point to work towards self-improvement in the future in ethical behavior. Send a message or emissary to contact Harry with the message of reconciliation and intention to hire him back. This is the utilitarianism assumption that this action has significant impact on other people (Bialek Wim De, 2017). Prepare himself and Jill psychologically for any outcomes which may be disciplinary. Accept the decision that Iris may take and accept it as his duty to do justice. This may involve making appropriate reparation to Harry or sacking Jill. Ethical dilemmas occur when the decision taken may end up compromise some ethical principles. The case study at Fabio presents an ethical dilemma that primarily rests with Brockley. There are diverse outcomes that may result depending on the choice he may make. Utilizing the different theories of ethical behavior may help in coming to the best decision in this case study. This involves listing the facts, the stakeholders and the different theoretical postulations. The best decision in this case is for Brockley to confess to Iris, approach Harry with a reconciliatory tone and be prepared for any outcome which may affect him. References Andri?, V., Tanyi, A. (2016). Multi-Dimensional Consequentialism and Risk. Ethical Theory Moral Practice, 19(1), 49-57. doi:10.1007/s10677-015-9658-5 Armstrong, J. (2014). Rethinking the restorativeretributive dichotomy: is reconciliation possible? Contemporary Justice Review, 17(3), 362. doi:10.1080/10282580.2014.944796 Betzler, M. (2008). Kant's Ethics of Virtue. Berlin: De Gruyter. Bia?ek, M., Wim De, N. (2017). Dual processes and moral conflict: Evidence for deontological reasoners' intuitive utilitarian sensitivity. Judgment Decision Making, 12(2), 148-167. Ellard, G. (2007). MORAL JUDGMENTS AND BUSINESS ETHICS. Vital Speeches of the Day, 73(5), 193-196. Figar, N., ?or?evi?, B. (2016). MANAGING AN ETHICAL DILEMMA. Economic Themes, 54(3), 345-362. Hurley, P. (2017). Why Consequentialism's "Compelling Idea" Is Not. Social Theory Practice, 43(1), 29-54. Juth, N. (2014). The Right Not to Know and the Duty to Tell: The Case of Relatives. Journal of Law, Medicine Ethics, 42(1), 38-52. Kilpatrick, P. (2010). The Relationship Between Technology and Ethics. Vital Speeches of the Day, 76(12), 567-570. Konczal, E. (2012). Everything You Need to Know About Business Ethics. [Newmarket, Ont.]: BrainMass Inc. Lambert, J. (2009). Enforcing Intellectual Property Rights : A Concise Guide for Businesses, Innovative and Creative Individuals. Farnham, England: Routledge. McGavin, P. A. (2013). Conversing on ethics, morality and education. Journal Of Moral Education, 42(4), 494-511. doi:10.1080/03057240.2013.817330 Molnar, K., Kletke, M., Chongwatpol, J. (2008). Ethics vs. IT Ethics: Do Undergraduate Students Perceive a Difference? Journal of Business Ethics, 83(4), 657-671. doi:10.1007/s10551-007-9646-3 Perugini, M., Costantini, G., Hughes, S., De Houwer, J. (2016). A functional perspective on personality. International Journal of Psychology, 51(1), 33-39. doi:10.1002/ijop.12175 Quade, M. J., Greenbaum, R. L., Petrenko, O. V. (2017). 'I don't want to be near you, unless...': The interactive effect of unethical behavior and performance onto relationship conflict and workplace ostracism. Personnel Psychology, 70(3), 675-709. Sibel, G. (2008). The relation between work ethics and work morality and the factors effecting work ethics in work-life. International Journal of Human Sciences, Vol 5, Iss 1, P 373 (2008), (1), 373. Silber, J. (2012). Kant's Ethics : The Good, Freedom, and the Will. Boston: De Gruyter. Toppinen, T. (2016). RULE CONSEQUENTIALISM (AND KANTIAN CONTRACTUALISM) AT TOP RATES. Philosophical Quarterly, 66(262), 122-135. doi:10.1093/pq/pqv065 Valerica, M., Daniel, M. M. (2011). RESPONSIBILITY FOR ETHICS IN ITC. Annals of the University Of Oradea, Economic Science Series, 20(1), 814-820. Varelius, J. (2015). Is the Non-rivalrousness of Intellectual Objects a Problem for the Moral Justification of Economic Rights to Intellectual Property? Science Engineering Ethics, 21(4), 895-906. doi:10.1007/s11948-014-9574-4
Friday, April 10, 2020
10 telÃ ©fonos para resolver dudas migratorias en EE.UU. En Estados Unidos es una necesidad saber dÃ ³nde buscar informaciÃ ³n migratoria, verificar el estatus de un caso o encontrar asesorÃ a legal reputada y a un costo asequible. Para ello enÃ este artÃ culo se indican los telÃ ©fonos y las pginas web especÃ ficas en las que encontrar la respuesta a las dudas migratorias que puedan plantearse. TelÃ ©fonos clave para informaciÃ ³n migratoria USCIS: 1-800-375-5283EOIR: para detenidos o asuntos en Corte: 1-800-898-7180Denunciar fraudes migratorios: 1-866-347-2423Buscar abogados: base de datos de AILAReferencias de abogados: Hispanic Federation: 1-866-432-9832 DÃ ³nde rastrear informaciÃ ³n con el USCIS El Servicio de InmigraciÃ ³n y CiudadanÃ a de los Estados Unidos (USCIS, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s) brinda varias posibilidades para obtener informaciÃ ³n sobre asuntos que est tramitando o sobre cuestiones que son de su competencia. Entre ellos destacan: TelÃ ©fono gratuito para solicitar informaciÃ ³n sobre un caso:Ã 1-800-375-5283Servicio INFOPASS online para cerrar una cita para solicitar informaciÃ ³n Adems, antes de acudir a una cita a una oficina de USCIS es posible utilizar su localizador de ubicaciones de oficinas o de sus Centros de Apoyo a Aplicaciones, donde se toman huellas digitales y otros datos biomÃ ©tricos a los solicitantes de beneficios migratorios. Adems, si ya se ha presentado la documentaciÃ ³n para una peticiÃ ³n o solicitud, es posible verificar online el estatus de un caso, aunque para ello es requisito indispensable conocer el nÃ ºmero de recibo del mismo. Asimismo, tambiÃ ©n es posible informarse online de cunto se estn demorando en la tramitaciÃ ³n casos similares. Por ejemplo, si se ha presentado una peticiÃ ³n de familiar, es posible rastrear cunto tarda de media esa gestiÃ ³n en todas las oficinas de USCIS. InformaciÃ ³n sobre requisitos para presentar una solicitud ante USCIS En la pgina oficial de USCIS se puede encontrar informaciÃ ³n sobre trmites como por ejemplo solicitar residencia permanente, naturalizaciÃ ³n, permiso de trabajo, ajuste de estatus, perdones, tambiÃ ©n conocidos como waivers o permisos, etc. Asimismo, esa pgina es el lugar en el que se puede acceder a todos los formularios oficiales para presentar solicitudes al USCIS y descargarlos gratuitamente.Ã Es conveniente utilizar la versiÃ ³n ms reciente del documento que se necesite ya que USCIS los modifica y actualiza periÃ ³dicamente y no admite las versiones viejas. Centro Nacional de Visas (NVC, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s) En el NVC se tramitan gestiones relacionadas con las peticiones de la tarjeta de residencia permanente cuando Ã ©stas siguen lo que se conoce como un procedimiento consular. En otras palabras, cuando la fase final se realiza fuera de Estados Unidos y es necesario acudir a una embajada o consulado para ser entrevistado y recibir la visa de inmigrante. Como regla general, el NVC es quien contacta. Pero si surge la necesidad de comunicarse con ellos, tambiÃ ©n es posible. Si bien antes de hacerlo es recomendable verificar el boletÃ n de visas para fechas de procesamiento de green card con cupos mximos anuales, como son las peticiones de ciudadanos para hijos casados o mayores de 21 aÃ ±os de edad o para hermanos o las peticiones de residentes para cÃ ³nyuges e hijos solteros. Si se ha pedido una visa de inmigrante en casos en los que hay dichos cupos mximos anuales es imprescindible esperar a que la fecha de prioridad del caso sea ms antigua que la fecha de corte publicada en el boletÃ n de visas. Si no ha llegado la fecha de prioridad para la tramitaciÃ ³n de la visa de inmigrante no se avanza absolutamente nada contactando con el NVC. InformaciÃ ³n relacionada con aduanas Para los extranjeros autorizados a permanecer sÃ ³lo temporalmente en los Estados Unidos es importante para verificar el I-94, registro de entrada y salida, ya que ese documento muestra fecha mxima de estancia con visa de turista. TambiÃ ©n sirve esa pgina para obtener el rÃ ©cord de ingresos y salidas del paÃ s. En la actualidad, el I-94 est digitalizado y en la pgina de oficial de ICE para este registro es posible no solo verificar los datos sino tambiÃ ©n imprimir el rÃ ©cord. Por otro lado, las personas que siempre tienen problemas cuando llegan a un punto migratorio de los Estados Unidos y son enviados a una segunda inspecciÃ ³n siempre o frecuentemente puede ser conveniente dirigirse al programa que se conoce en inglÃ ©s como Traveler Redress Inquire Program, para intentar encontrar una soluciÃ ³n. CiudadanÃ a de los Estados Unidos Para los ciudadanos de los Estados Unidos es importante conocer las opciones de cÃ ³mo y dÃ ³nde pueden solicitar el pasaporte. Para este trmite u otros puede necesitarse copia del certificado de nacimiento, cambio de nombre, matrimonio, pedir una nueva copia de la tarjeta del NÃ ºmero del Seguro Social, etc. Para ello hay que dirigirse a la oficina de rÃ ©cords vitales del lugar donde se ha producido el hecho. Arrestos y detenciones Si se sospecha que un familiar o un amigo puede estar detenido, existe una base de datos para saber si est detenido por la Migra. Si no aparece en una centro de detenciÃ ³n migratorio, hay varias formas de enterarse si se encuentra en unaÃ en prisiÃ ³n federal no migratoria o en una estatal. InformaciÃ ³n sobre un caso en Corte migratoria Se puede marcar al EOIR, es decir, la Oficina de revisiÃ ³n migratoria. Los telÃ ©fonos sonÃ 240-314-1500Ã oÃ 1-800-898-7180, este Ã ºltimo es gratuito. Si se desea se puede elegir la opciÃ ³n de espaÃ ±ol. Por otro lado, para los migrantes es importante enterarse anÃ ³nimamente si existe una orden de deportaciÃ ³nÃ y es posible hacerlo. Este punto conviene destacarlo ya que es totalmente posible que un juez haya declarado la deportaciÃ ³n en ausencia y que el migrante no recibiera la notificaciÃ ³n. En estos casos si por cualquier razÃ ³n se es detenido, la deportaciÃ ³n proceder automticamente, sin pasar por corte. DÃ ³nde reportar fraudes migratorios o felonÃ as Al igual que sucede en muchos otros paÃ ses, en Estados Unidos se puede marcar al 911 para reportar cualquier tipo de delitos o solicitar ayuda. Es el telÃ ©fono de situaciones de emergencia en todo el territorio nacional. En el caso de violencia domÃ ©stica se puede, adems, acudir directamente a la lÃ nea gratuita que lucha contra esta lacra social. Para ello marcar alÃ 1-800-799-7233. Otra opciÃ ³n es contactar con la Red Nacional contra el Asalto Sexual, ViolaciÃ ³n, Abuso e Incesto, que se conoce como RAINN por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s. En este caso marcar alÃ 1-800-656-4673. Por otra parte, los migrantes son, lamentablemente, vÃ ctimas de fraudes ya que siempre hay personas inescrupulosas que aseguran tener contactos o poder lograr resultados positivos en gestiones migratorias cuando no es verdad. Para estos casos es posible denunciar marcando al 1-877-382-4357. Adems, las actividades delictivas o fraudes relacionados con inmigraciÃ ³n o con aduanas pueden reportarse anÃ ³nimamente al ICE marcando al 1-866-347-2423, incluidos los casos de matrimonios de conveniencia, es decir, los que se celebran para que uno de los cÃ ³nyuges obtengan los papeles. DÃ ³nde solicitar ayuda o asesorÃ a migratoria No cabe duda de que Estados Unidos es un paÃ s que brinda buenas oportunidades. Pero no es menos cierto que se puede sufrir mucha soledad. Para los casos extremos donde se llega a tener pensamientos suicidas, por favor marcar gratuitamente alÃ 1-888-628-9454, donde se habla en espaÃ ±ol. Otro de los grandes problemas que afectan a los migrantes es la necesidad de obtener buena informaciÃ ³n sobre leyes migratorias y a un costo no elevado. La base de datos de AILA lista por localidad los abogados de su asociaciÃ ³n especializados en migraciÃ ³n. Adems, la Hispanic Federation puede ayudar con algunos trmites como por ejemplo peticiones de familia, DACA, permisos de trabajo, etc y tambiÃ ©n puede brindar referencias a organizaciones con buena reputaciÃ ³n. Marcar al 1-Ã 866-432-9832. Finalmente, en el caso de mexicanos, siempre se puede marcar al telÃ ©fono de CIAM que es el y que brinda excelentes servicios gratuitamente. En el caso de los hondureÃ ±os en EE.UU. existen varios telÃ ©fonos a los que pueden marcar. Por su relevancia se seÃ ±alan tres en la zona fronteriza: McAllen, Texas: 214-347-4441Houston, Texas: 713-987-7406Los Angeles, California: 323-283-8623 Este es un artÃ culo informativo. No es asesorÃ a legal.
Monday, March 9, 2020
THE NEGATIVE SIDE OF ECONOM essays According to U.S. News and World Report, January 15, 1998, the United Nations estimates that nearly one million Iraqi children are chronically malnourished. Infant mortality and waterborne illnesses are also up dramatically.(Omstad 42) These problems are a direct result of economic sanctions imposed on Iraq by the United States. Thomas Omstad, a field reporter for U.S. News and World Report describes the sanctions as, a blunt instrument that can clearly take innocent lives. It is because of this and a multitude of other reasons that the statement the use of economic sanctions to achieve U.S. foreign policy goals is moral does not ring true. In order to prove that economic sanctions are not morally right we must first understand what an economic sanction is. Economic sanction is defined as the withholding of supplies from countries that do not agree with, or follow the policies laid out for them by the United States. This definition is given by the mission work organization Pastors for Peace based out of Chicago Illinois. It is also the working definition for the sanctions that the United States has Sanctions are immoral because they harm innocents. As I stated earlier, there is a senseless harming of innocent people in the sanctions imposed against Iraq. Part of the reason for this is the way the U.S. government classifies materials. The level of sanctions imposed against Iraq still allows for some humanitarian aid to be sent there from the U.S., but it is very limited.(Sirico15) For example, according to documents released by the state department, a chair has the same military classification as a handgun.(Sirico15) What this means is that as Iraq tries to set up schools, the cannot get chairs from aid groups, because the U.S. state department feels that they can be used in militay efforts. This same analysis applies to many pharmaceuticals. Th ...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Endowed loyalty status - Essay Example Atkinson (364) asserts that opinion on how successful these loyalty schemes are divided, but there is consensus on their advantages and disadvantages. The main advantage is that; as these customers feel rewarded they are motivated to purchase more; thus, increasing the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s benefits. This will in the long term boost the sales of the business. However, the flipside of this argument is that if the status of customers is downgraded or remains the same, the customers feel unappreciated and may wholly cut their business links with the organization. Secondly, as a customer buys more and more their spending habits are noted and so more targeted products are put at their disposal. This makes the customer to be extremely satisfied since they get what they most require. The flipside of this argument is that the customer buys beyond their means and is likely to drastically change their spending habits when they are unsustainable. This is usually to the detriment of the business. There are several theories that explain customer behavior when rewarded as discussed above. The two notable ones though are equity theory and attribution theory. Atkinson (367) claims that equity theory seeks to study the relational satisfaction that is derived from rewards of different kinds. People evaluate the value of a relation based on the fairness or unfairness of distribution of rewards and costs. According to this theory, people feel indebted to fair treatment (Atkinson 368). On the other hand, limited reward or unfair treatment leads to dissatisfaction. It is also common for people getting the unfair treatment to feel underappreciated. Among the foundations of Equity theory is the assumption that people always seek to maximize their rewards, people get distressed in unequal relationships and then they try to restore parity in such unequal relationships. The other theory is the attribution theory. According to the theory, people analyze success or failure based